The territory of Republic of Moldova encompassing an area between Prut and Nistru Rivers and the Black Sea was populated in ancient times by geto-daci tribes. Throughout the first millennium B.C. Moldova was populated and successively inhabited by different migratory people such as: Goths, Huns, Slavs, Bulgarians, Hungarians, etc.
The Golden Horde politically controls the whole region. Following the Tartar invasion (1242). The first independent Moldovan State was established in 1359 by Bogdan I and comprised the territories between the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Nistru River, Black Sea and Danube.
The most glorious period in the history of Moldova Principality is connected with the reign of Stefan cel Mare (Steven the Great)—a national hero of Moldova. In the second half of XV century, Stefan cel Mare achieved the greatest victories over the Turkish, Polish, Hungarian and Tartar armies that successively invaded the territory of Moldova.
On December 2, 1917, Moldavian Democratic Republic was proclaimed and on January 24, 1918 independence was voted. On March 27 /April 3, 1918, Statul Tarii— Moldova’s Parliament voted the unification of Moldavian Democratic Republic (Basarabia) with Romania.
On June 28, 1940 following Article 3 of the Secret Act annexed to the Molotov-Robbentrop Treaty, Basarabia was again annexed to USSR. On August 2, 1940 the Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova was established. From June 1941 to August 1994 the SSR of Moldova was reintegrated into Romania only to be subsequently occupied by the Soviet Union.
In 1989 the Moldavian Parliament voted the original name of the Republic – Moldova, the Latin script, as well as Romanian language as an official one. It was something tremendous in the spiritual life of the country. The period of “perestroika“ led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union. On August 1991 the Moldavian Parliament declared Moldova‘s independence.